Sunday, February 3, 2013

Sports in Bangladesh
Sport in Bangladesh is a popular form of entertainment as well as an essential part of Bangladeshi culture. Kabaddi  is the national sport of Bangladesh. However, Cricket  and Football  are considered as the most popular sports in Bangladesh. Traditional sports like Kabaddi, Kho kho, Boli Khela, Lathi Khela are mostly played in the rural areas while foreign sports like Cricket, football, Hockey, volleyball, handball, Golf, Badminton etc are more popular among the urban folks. The National Sports Council(NSC) is the governing body to control all the sports federations and councils in the country and is responsible to the ministry of youth and sports. There are a total of 42 different sports federations affiliated with the NSC.


Kabaddi is a very popular game in Bangladesh, especially in the villages. Often called the 'game of rural Bengal', it is now the National Game of Bangladesh. In some areas Kabaddi is still known as [Ha-Du-Du], but Ha-Du-Du had no definite rules and was played with different rules in different areas. [Ha-Du-Du] was renamed Kabaddi and given the status of the National Game in 1972.
The Bangladesh Amateur Kabaddi Federation was formed in 1973. It framed rules and regulations for the national game. In 1974 Bangladesh played a Kabaddi test match with a visiting Indian team, which played test matches with the district teams of Dhaka, Tangail, Dinajpur, Jessore, Faridpur and Comilla. In 1978, the Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation was formed at a conference of delegates from Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan in the Indian town of Villai. Kabaddi is one of the most popular games in schools of bangladesh.
In Kabaddi, two teams compete with each other for higher scores, by touching or capturing the players of the opponent team. Each team consists of 12 players, of which seven are on court at a time, and five in reserve. The two teams fight for higher scores, alternating defence and offense. The court is as large as that for a dodge ball game. The game consists of two 20 minute halves, with a break of five minutes for change of sides.The kabaddi playing area is 12.50m x 10m, divided by a line into two halves. The side winning the toss sends a 'raider', who enters the opponents' court chanting, 'kabaddi-kabaddi'. The raider's aim is to touch any or all players on the opposing side, and return to his court in one breath. The person, whom the raider touches, will then be out. The aim of the opposing team, will be to hold the raider, and stop him from returning to his own court, until he takes another breath. If the raider cannot return to his court in the same breath while chanting 'kabaddi', he will be declared out. Each team alternates in sending a player into the opponents' court. If a player goes out of the boundary line during the course of the play, or if any part of his body touches the ground outside the boundary, he will be out, except during a struggle.
Kabaddi is a South Asian team sport. The name is derived from the Tamil word (கை-பிடி) "kai" (hand), "pidi" (catch), which is translated into "Holding Hands". Two teams occupy opposite halves of a small swimming pool / field and take turns sending a "raider" into the other half, in order to win points by tackling members of the opposing team; then the raider tries to return to his own half, holding his breath and chanting the word "Kabaddi" during the whole raid. The raider must not cross the lobby unless he touches any of his opponents. If he does so then he will be declared as "out". There is also a bonus line which ensure extra points for the raider if he manages to touch it and return to his side of the field successfully.
In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10 m × 13 m in case of men and 8 m × 12 m in case of women. Each has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20-minute halves and a five-minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides. Teams take turns sending a "raider" to the opposite team's half, where the goal is to tag or wrestle ("confine") members of the opposite team before returning to the home half. Tagged members are "out" and temporarily sent off the field. The goal of the defenders is to stop the raider from returning to the home side before taking a breath. If any of the seven players cross the lobby without touching the raider he will be declared as "out".
The raider is sent off the field if:
  • The raider takes a breath before returning or
  • The raider crosses a boundary line or
  • A part of the raider's body touches the ground outside the boundary (except during a struggle with an opposing team member).
Each time when a player is "out", the opposing team earns a point. A team scores a bonus of two points, called a "lona", if the entire opposing team is declared "out". At the end of the game, the team with the most points wins.

History and development
Modern Kabaddi is a synthesis of the game played in various forms under different names. Kabaddi received international exposure during the 1936 Berlin Olympics, demonstrated by Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, Amaravati, Maharashtra. The game was introduced in the Indian Olympic Games at Calcutta in 1938. In 1950 the All India Kabaddi Federation came into existence and compiled standard rules. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. After formation of the Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India, the first men's nationals were held in Madras (renamed Chennai), while the women's were in Calcutta (renamed Kolkata) in 1955.The AKFI has given new shape to the rules and has the right to modify them. The Asian Kabaddi Federation was founded under the chairmanship of Mr. Janardan Singh Gehlot.Kabaddi was introduced and popularized in Japan in 1979. The Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation sent Professor Sundar Ram of India to tour Japan for two months to introduce the game.In 1979, a return test between Bangladesh and India was held at different places of India including Mumbai, Hyderabad, and Punjab. The Asian Kabaddi Championship was arranged in 1980 and India emerged as champion and Bangladesh runner-up. Bangladesh became runner-up again in 1985 in the Asian Kabaddi Championship held in Jaipur, India. The other teams in the tournament were Nepal, Malaysia and Japan. The game was included for the first time in the Asian Games in Beijing in 1990. India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh took part. India won the gold medal and has also won gold at the following six Asian Games in Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002, Doha in 2006 and Guangzhou in 2010.An attempt to popularise kabaddi in Great Britain was carried out by Channel 4, who commissioned a programme dedicated to the sport. The programme, Kabaddi in the early 1990s, however, failed to capture viewer attention despite fixtures such as West Bengal Police versus the Punjab. Kabaddi was axed in 1992, but not before its presenter Krishnan Guru-Murthy suffered a collapsed lung while participating in the sport.[4][better source needed] Alt-rock band The Cooper Temple Clause formed a kabbadi team in 2001 and were, at one stage, ranked seventh in the British domestic standings.
In the 1998 Asian games held at Bangkok (Thailand), the Indian Kabaddi team clinched the gold medal. The chief coach of the team was former kabaddi player and coach Flt. Lt. S P Singh.

Types of Kabaddi

In the 'Amar' form of Kabaddi, whenever any player is touched (out), he does not go out of the court, but stays inside, and one point is awarded to the team that touched him. This game is also played on a time basis, i.e. the time is fixed. This form of kabaddi is played in India (Punjab), Canada, England, New Zealand, USA, Pakistan and Australia. In the Amar form of Kabaddi, each team consists of 5–6 stoppers and 4–5 raiders. At one time, only 4 stoppers are allowed to play on the field. Every time a stopper stops the raider from going back to his starting point, that stoppers team gets 1 point. On the other hand, every time the raider tags one of the stoppers and returns to his starting point, his team gets one point.


In Sanjeevni Kabaddi, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out, one out, one in. The duration, the number of players, dimensions of the court, etc. have been fixed by the Kabaddi Federation of India. This form of Kabaddi is the closest to the present game. In this form of Kabaddi, players are put out and revived and the game lasts 40 minutes with a 5-minute break in between. There are nine players on each side. The team that puts out all the players on the opponent's side scores four extra points for a 'Lona'. The winning team is the one that scores most points after 40 minutes. The field is bigger in this form of Kabaddi and the 'chant' different in various regions. Modern Kabaddi resembles this form of Kabaddi especially with regard to 'out & in system' and 'Lona'.


This is played with nine players on either side, in a field of no specific measurements. The characteristic is that a player put out has to remain out until all his team members are out. The team that is successful in putting out all the players of the opponent's side secures a point. This is akin to the present system of 'Lona'. After all the players are put out, the team is revived and the game continues. The game continues until five or seven 'Lona' are secured. This form of Kabaddi has no fixed game time. The main disadvantage of Gamines is that the player is not in position to give his best performance since he is likely to remain out for the better part of the match until a Lona is scored.


Cricket  is the most popular sport in Bangladesh along with football. There is a strong domestic league which on many occasions also saw Test players from many countries (Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, and England) gracing the cricket fields of Bangladesh. In the year 2000 Bangladesh became a full member of the International Cricket Council, which allows the national team to play Test cricket. The Bangladesh national cricket team goes by the nickname of the Tigers - after the Royal Bengal Tiger.

Cricket  has been played in India since the 18th century and it continued to be played in first Pakistan and then Bangladesh as these countries became politically independent. Bangladesh had staged first-class and even Test cricket when it was part of Pakistan. The Bangabandhu National Stadium in Dhaka was first used for Test cricket when Pakistan played India there in January 1955. It was used for numerous important matches, including Tests, right up to the declaration of independence in 1971. The MA Aziz Stadium in Chittagong also dates back to 1954 as a first-class venue but it was not used for Tests until Bangladesh played there in 2001.The beginning of Bangladesh's own first-class era (i.e., as an independent state) began when the national team played England A in Chittagong on 25–27 October 1999. The match was drawn. On 10–13 November 2000, Bangladesh played its inaugural Test Match v India in the Bangabandhu National Stadium. India won by 9 wickets.The 2000-01 season saw the beginning of first-class domestic competition in Bangladesh, although the country had already staged first-class matches against touring teams in the previous year. The Green Delta National Cricket League was constituted as the first-class championship and the Ispahani Mirzapore Tea One-Day League as the premier limited overs competition. In 2000-01, both titles were won by Biman Bangladesh Airlines.The National Cricket League had in fact been inaugurated in the 1999-2000 season but was not then first-class. In 2000-01, eight teams played 12 matches each in two groups. Group A consisted of Biman Bangladesh Airlines, Chittagong Division, Rajshahi Division and Dhaka Division. Group B had Dhaka Metropolis, Khulna Division, Barisal Division and Sylhet Division. Four teams qualified for a final stage in which they each played a further 8 games.The Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) (known then as the Bangladesh Cricket Control Board) was established in 1972. Bangladesh is a full member of the International Cricket Council and the Asian Cricket Council. The Bangladesh Cricket Control Board was established in 1972. Soon after, a cricket league commenced in Dhaka and Chittagong. A national level cricket tournament begun in the country in 1974-75. During this time the cricket league started at the district (regional) level. Other tournaments that were organised were aimed at school, college, youth and university level.The National Cricket League of Bangladesh is the domestic first class cricket competition in Bangladesh. The One-Day Cricket League of Bangladesh is the principal domestic limited overs cricket competition in Bangladesh. In 2010, the Bangladesh NCL T20 was launched which was a Twenty20 tournament. This tournament was dropped after its first and only season, and was replaced by the Bangladesh Premier League in 2012. The Bangladesh Premier League is a Twenty20 league with six franchises based on the concept of the Indian Premier League and has attracted many international players.

20th century
In 1977, Bangladesh became an Associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC).  Bangladesh was one of fifteen teams to take part in the inaugural ICC Trophy. Held in 1979, it gave non-Test playing countries the opportunity to qualify for that year's World Cup. Bangladesh, under the captaincy of Raqibul Hasan, Bangladesh won two matches and lost two, but failed to progress beyond the first round.Victory in the South-East Asian Cricket Conference Tournament in February 1984 ensured Bangladesh qualified for the 1986 Asia Cup.  On 31 March 1986, Bangladesh played their first One Day International against a full member of the ICC;  Captained by Gazi Ashraf, Bangladesh were dismissed for 94 and Pakistan reached their target for victory with seven wickets in hand.  They lost their second ODI which was against Sri Lanka, finishing last in the three-team tournament.  Bangladesh qualified for the 1988 Asia Cup, this time hosting the tournament; it was the first time ODIs had been staged in the country. Although they lost all their matches, Bangladesh's fixtures were retrospectively awarded ODI. Floods in the preceding months meant the tournament was in doubt, but it went ahead as planned. A charity match raised $70,000 for the flood victims.

Bangladesh took part in the 1990 Austral-Asia Cup the Asia Cup in 1990–91, 1995, and 1997, but it was not until 1998 that they won their first ODI. Their 22-match losing streak since their first ODI was at the time a record. Bangladesh posted its first ODI win against Kenya in India thanks largely to Mohammad Rafique, who contributed a fiery 77 runs and took 3 wickets. In October 1998, Bangladesh hosted (but did not participate in) the first ever ICC KnockOut Trophy (which later became the ICC Champions Trophy), a knock-out ODI tournament featuring all the Test playing nations.

Bangladesh took part in each of the 1982, 1986, 1990, and 1994 editions of the ICC Trophy, and won the trophy in 1997, in the process qualifying for the 1999 World Cup. Bangladesh also became a regular ICC member with the right to play ODIs. Earlier, in February Dhaka hosted the third and final SAARC cricket tournament. Bangladesh played in its first World Cup in England. Bangladesh created an enormous upset by beating Pakistan by 62 runs in the group match at Northampton. Bangladesh made 9/223 from its full 50 overs, and in reply Pakistan could only manage 161 due to timely run-outs by wicketkeeper Khaled Mashud and some tight bowling by Khaled Mahmud, who took 3/31 from 10 overs. Mahmud was judged man of the match. Bangladesh did not qualify for the Super Six round due to defeats in three of its five matches. However, the win over Pakistan, who finished runners-up to Australia, helped Bangladesh to gain Test playing status the following year. Bangladesh had sacked coach Gordon Greenidge on the morning of the match.

Former South Africa Test cricketer Eddie Barlow became Bangladesh's coach in 1999. In preparation for becoming a Test playing country, Bangladesh established its own first-class competition in 1999—2000, although the matches were not given first-class status until the 2000—2001 season. The lack of an established first-class structure in the country until shortly before Bangladesh played its debut Test has been cited as one of the reasons the side struggled to adapt to the longer format of the game. The West Indies toured Bangladesh in October, winning both matches in the ODI series. After suffering a stroke in April 2000, Barlow vacated the position of coach. In May and June 2000, Bangladesh hosted the Asia Cup; Bangladesh lost all three of their matches and when playing Pakistan succumbed to what at the time was the heaviest defeat in ODIs, a margin of 233 runs. Bangladesh participated in the 2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy in October; their only match ended in defeat to England.

First years as a Test team (2000–2003)

On 13 November 2000, Bangladesh played their inaugural Test match, hosting India in Dhaka. Captained by Naimur Rahman, Bangladesh lost by nine wickets, although Wisden noted that they "surpassed all expectations by matching their neighbours, and at times even enjoying the upper hand".  Aminul Islam Bulbul scored 145 in the first innings, becoming the third person to have scored a century in their team's first Test; Rahman took six wickets for 132 runs, the second-best bowling figures in a country's maiden Test.  In March 2001, former Australian Test cricketer Trevor Chappell was appointed coach.  The following month Bangladesh embarked on a tour of Zimbabwe to play two Tests and three ODIs. Zimbabwe, who at the time were ranked ninth out of the ten Test teams, won all five matches.  Bangladesh took part in the 2001–02 Asian Test Championship, the second and final time the championship was held and the first the team had been eligible to play in. They lost both their matches by an innings. Mohammad Ashraful made his debut in the series and became the youngest player to score a Test century in his first match.  In November, Bangladesh hosted Zimbabwe for two Tests and three ODIs. The opening Test was curtailed by bad weather and ended in a draw; after losing their first five Tests, it was the first time Bangladesh had avoided defeat. Zimbabwe won all the remaining matches. After the Test series wicketkeeper Khaled Mashud replaced Rahman as captain.  The following month Bangladesh journeyed to New Zealand for two Test matches. Bangladesh's batsmen struggled in unfamiliar conditions and the team slumped to two innings defeats.
In January 2002 Bangladesh lost two Tests and three ODIs against Sri Lanka. At this point, they had lost ten of their first eleven Tests; only South Africa had struggled as much in their introduction to Test cricket, also losing ten of their first eleven matches. Chappell blamed Bangladesh's batsmen for the loss, saying "they commit the same mistakes again and again, and need to learn to apply themselves, to bat in sessions". In April, former Pakistan Test cricketer Mohsin Kamal replaced Chappell as coach. When Bangladesh toured Sri Lanka in July and August they were on the receiving end of Sri Lanka's largest margin of victory in Test cricket: an innings and 196 runs. Bangladesh lost both Tests and all three ODIs on the tour, recording their 50th defeat in 53 ODIs. Repeated poor performances prompted people to question whether Bangladesh had been granted Test status too soon. Test and ODI whitewashes followed in South Africa in October. Wisden noted that "Time and again ... came the mantra that [Bangladesh] would learn from the experience, that they could only improve by playing against the best, that there was genuine talent in the squad. But it wore thin." The final defeat set a record for most consecutive losses in ODIs (23), beating the previous record which was also held by Bangladesh. When the West Indies toured in November and December, Bangladesh lost both Test and two out of the three ODIs, and one ended in no result. South Africa hosted the 2003 World Cup in February and March. Bangladesh lost five of their six matches (one ended in no result), including fixtures against Canada, who hadn't played international cricket since the 1979 World Cup, and Kenya who eventually made the semifinals of the tournament.

Under Dav Whatmore (2003–2007)

In the aftermath of Bangladesh's World Cup campaign, Khaled Mahmud replaced Khaled Mashud as captain,  and Kamal was sacked as coach with Dav Whatmore taking over the role.  Whatmore was not able to begin the job immediately, so Sarwar Imran acted as interim coach during Bangladesh's tour of South Africa in April and May.  In 2003 Bangladesh played nine Test and 21 ODIs, losing every match apart from an ODI against West Indies which ended in no result.  In September, Bangladesh came very close to its first Test victory, when it lost to Pakistan by only one wicket. It was just the tenth time in Test history that a team had lost by a single wicket.  In series against Pakistan, Alok Kapali became the first Bangladesh player to take a hat-trick  in Test cricket, dismissing Shabbir Ahmed, Danish Kaneria, and Umar Gul.  When England toured Bangladesh October and November, Bangladesh's captain, Mahmud, was booed. Ahead of Bangladesh's tour of Zimbabwe in February and March the next year, he was dropped from the squad and batsman Habibul Bashar was granted the captaincy.  At the time, Zimbabwe were without many of their senior players. Bangladesh lost the Test series 1–0, and the ODI series 2–1.  The second Test was drawn  and brought to an end their run of 21 consecutive defeats dating back to November 2001, a world record in Test cricket.  The solitary ODI victory was Bangladesh's first international win since defeating Pakistan in the 1999 World Cup.

Batsman Habibul Bashar was appointed Bangladesh's captain in 2004.
Bangladesh's next matches were against the West Indies in May and June. Bangladesh lost the ODI series 3–0 and the Test series 1–0; by drawing the first match, Bangladesh managed to avoid defeat for just the third time in 29 Tests.  In December, Bangladesh defeated India in its hundredth ODI, this being only the third time that it had won against a Test playing nation.
In January 2005, Zimbabwe toured Bangladesh for two Tests and five ODIs. The touring Zimbabwe side had suffered due to player disputes which in 2004 had led to the country's temporary suspension from Test cricket. Of Zimbabwe's 16-man squad, only their captain had played more than nine Tests; Bangladesh were the more experienced team. In the first match, Bangladesh secured their maiden victory in Test cricket. Bangladesh's batsmen secured a draw in the second Test by batting out the final five session after coach Dav Whatmore had opined that "Zimbabwe will win, unless our batsmen do something special". In the match – which helped secure a historic first series victory for Bangladesh – Enamul Haque Jr broke his own bowling record for best figures in an innings for Bangladesh by taking 7 wickets for 95 runs, and secured the best figures in a match for Bangladesh: 12 wickets for 200 runs. In the ODI series that followed, Zimbabwe won the opening two contests, and Bangladesh won the final three to take the series.
After their maiden Test victory, Bangladesh embarked on its first tour of England in May and June 2005. The team faced unfamiliar conditions and the batsmen struggled against seam bowling. Bangladesh lost both matches in the Test series by an innings; the second Test was the 22nd time it had happened in 38 Tests. Pundits Mike Atherton and Richie Benaud criticised the team's performances and suggested Bangladesh was not yet suited to Test cricket. A triangular series with England and Australia followed. Bangladesh won just one match out of six, but their solitary victory was against an Australian side that at the time were world champions in what Wisden described as "the biggest upset in one-day international history". Mohammad Ashraful scored his first century in that match with a score of exactly 100, which was enough to take the team to victory and then played a blistering knock of 94 off 53 balls against England the following match. Bangladesh's next fixture was in Sri Lanka in September for two Tests and three ODIs. After the one-off victory against Australia in England, Bangladesh were a more confident team however Sri Lanka won all five matches by large margins. Captain Habibul Bashar lamented his side's defeat, describing it as "the worst tour since I took over the captaincy".
The first home One-Day International series of 2006 began with some optimism for Bangladesh, which registered its first-ever win against Sri Lanka in the second ODI of the series. At the end of March, Bangladesh played four ODIs against Kenya, winning all four. Then in April, Bangladesh came very close to beating Australia in a Test match, taking a first-innings lead of 158, and eventually losing by only three wickets. At the end of July, Bangladesh toured Zimbabwe as the ODI series favourites but lost 3–2. In August, the team defeated Kenya in all three matches of a series and subsequently went on to whitewash Zimbabwe in an ODI series staged in Bangladesh. That year, Shahriar Nafees became the first Bangladeshi to score over a thousand runs (which included three centuries) in a calendar year while Mashrafe Mortaza became the leading wicket-taker in the world in ODIs staged in 2006 with 49 wickets.
India hosted the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy in October and November. Bangladesh failed to progress beyond the group stages, losing two of their three matches. Their only victory came against Zimbabwe. Ahead of the World Cup Bangladesh faced Zimbabwe in nine ODIs, Scotland in two, and Bermuda and Canada one each; of those matches, Bangladesh lost a single ODI to Zimbabwe. On 17 March, in their first match of the 2007 World Cup, hosted by the West Indies, Bangladesh secured a five-wicket win over India; the surprise result triggered late night partying in Bangladesh despite government bans on public gatherings. In their remaining group matches Bangladesh lost to Sri Lanka and defeated Bermuda which was enough to secure qualification for the second round while India were knocked out. Bangladesh's only victory in the Super Eights was against South Africa, losing to everyone else including Ireland, a team mostly made up of amateur cricketers.

Mohammad Ashraful took over from Habibul Bashar as captain in 2007.
Banglaesh's next fixture after the World Cup was a home series against India in May, with two Tests and three ODIs. After Bangladesh had helped knock India out of the tournament, the series was seen as an opportunity for India to exact revenge. Bangladesh had not played Test cricket since April 2006. The first Test was shortened due to rain and drawn, but India won the second by their largest ever margin. India won the ODI series 3–0. In the aftermath Habibul Bashar, who had previously resigned as ODI captain, was replaced as captain by 22-year-old Mohammad Ashraful in all forms of the game. Mashrafe Mortaza was appointed vice-captain. After four years as coach Whatmore chose not to extend his contract, and Shaun Williams temporarily filled the position. Ashraful's first series in charge was a tour of Sri Lanka in June and July. Bangladesh suffered defeat in each of the three Tests, losing by an innings on every occasion, and three ODIs. In the second Test, Bangladesh were bundled out for their lowest total (62).

Under Jamie Siddons (2007–2011)

South Africa hosted the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 in September. In a match against Bangladesh, Australian fast bowler Brett Lee took the first ever Twenty20 International (T20I) hat-trick. Bangladesh defeated the West Indies to progress to the second stage of the tournament, however it was the only match they won in the tournament.  Jamie Siddons was appointed coach in October.  At the end of 2007 Bangladesh toured New Zealand. Bangladesh was soundly beaten 3–0 in the one dayers. The third match was the largest defeat in the history of ODI cricket for a side batting first.Bangladesh started the year 2008 with a tour of New Zealand. The Test matches were one sided, with Bangladesh losing 2–0. South Africa toured Bangladesh and won all matches, including both Tests and all three ODIs. Bangladesh then beat non-Test-playing Ireland 3–0 in an ODI series.In October, New Zealand toured Bangladesh for three ODIs and two Tests. Shortly before the tour, fourteen Bangladesh players left to play in the Indian Cricket League and were subsequently banned for ten years. Six of the players were centrally contracted, including former captain Habibul Bashar. With a less experienced team than usual and a poor record against New Zealand, Bangladesh were expected to lose heavily. After winning the opening ODI, Bangladesh went on to lose series 2–1. New Zealand won the first Test by three wickets in what their coach, John Bracewell, described as "one of the great character wins".

Bangladeshi cricketers returning to the dressing room at Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium, Dhaka amid an ODI match with Zimbabwe in January 2009.
New Zealand also won the second Test, taking the series 2–0, but in the process Shakib Al Hasan emerged as an all-rounder. Having previously been selected primarily as a batsmen, he went on to take the best bowling figures in an innings for a Bangladesh player, 7 wickets for 36 runs, beating the record set by Enamul Haque Jr three years earlier. In November, Bangladesh toured South Africa. They lost all their matches to South Africa, including the only T20I match, two of the three ODIs (the third being washed out due to rain) and both Tests. In December, however, Bangladesh bounced back from the previous lacklustre performances by threatening to win the first Test match against Sri Lanka by chasing down the highest fourth innings of total of 513. Though they fell 107 runs short, their performances were praised but in the second match of the home series in January, Bangladesh fell to an innings defeat.
The year 2009 started with the innings defeat in the 2nd Test match against Sri Lanka. Then Zimbabwe joined the hosts and the Lankan team for a tri-series tournament, which proved to be more evenly matched than was expected. In the first match, Zimbabwe defeated Bangladesh by an excellent performance but then fell to defeat by a huge margin by Sri Lanka leaving Bangladesh needing to win against the Lankans in the last match in order to go through to the finals to join the Lankans, and that also with a bonus point.
After the World T20 championships in England, the selectors appointed Mashrafe Mortaza as the new captain of the team for the tour to the West Indies so that Ashraful could focus on his batting. The two Test series was played amidst controversy when a pay dispute between the West Indian players and the West Indies Cricket Board led a number of West Indian players boycotting the series, which forced the West Indies to select a number of inexperienced players as replacements. Bangladesh went on to win both of the Tests, winning the first Test by 95 runs and the second by four wickets. In the process they achieved their first ever overseas Test series victory.

Shakib Al Hasan captained Bangladesh during their historic Test series win against West Indies in 2009.
In the ODI series which followed Bangladesh secured their first ever ODI win against the West Indies at the 14th attempt.  Bangladesh won the series 3–0,  but lost the only Twenty20 match.  In November, Shakib was named The Wisden Cricketer's "Test Player of the Year".
In January 2010, Bangladesh hosted a tri-series ODI tournament with India and Sri Lanka. They failed to win a match and went out of the tournament. They lost the two match Test series against India by 2–0. In March 2010, England visited Bangladesh to play three ODIs and two Test matches. Bangladesh lost all their ODIs and Tests in the series. In April, Bangladesh took part in the 2010 World Twenty20. They lost all their matches and failed to progress to the Super Eights stage. In May and June, Bangladesh played two Test matches against England away, losing both, although Tamim Iqbal scored two centuries in the series. Between the Tests and ODIs against England, Bangladesh took part in the 2010 Asia Cup during June, but lost all their matches. In the ODI series, England comfortably won the first match. However, in the second match at Bristol, Bangladesh beat England for the first time in international cricket (England were the only Test playing nation yet to be beaten by Bangladesh), bowling England out in the final over to win by five runs.
In October New Zealand went to Bangladesh for five ODIs. Mortaza suffered an injury in the first match and Shakib took over as captain. Under his leadership Bangladesh won the series 4–0, securing their first series victory against a full strength ICC Full Member nation. Although unable to play against New Zealand due to injury, while the series was in progress Tamim Iqbal was named The Wisden Cricketer's "Test Player of the Year". In December Bangladesh hosted Zimbabwe for five ODIs. After losing the opening match, Bangladesh went on to win the next three complete matches, with one called off due to rain, to beat Zimbabwe 3–1.
In February and March 2011, Bangladesh co-hosted the World Cup with India and Sri Lanka. West Indies dismissed Bangladesh for 58 runs, the team's lowest score in ODIs and a record low for a Full Member at the World Cup. The West Indies and Bangladesh team buses were stoned as they left the ground, and so was Shakib's house. Bangladesh beat England, Ireland, and the Netherlands, making their final match of the first round a must-win contest. Against South Africa, Bangladesh succumbed to a their second-largest defeat in ODIs and became the first Full Member team to be bowled out for under 100 twice in World Cups, thereby failing to progress to the second stage of the tournament. After the World Cup, Siddons' contract was allowed to lapse. During his three-and-a-half year tenure as coach Siddons introduced a full coaching staff for the first time, including coaches for bowling, strength and conditioning, and fielding. Under Siddons Bangladesh's reliance on spin bowlers continued, partly because pitches in the country encourage spin bowlers, and frequently only two seam bowlers were used in a match. Siddons was credited with helping the team improve mentally.

Under Stuart Law (2011–2012)

Wicket-keeper Mushfiqur Rahim was named captain in September 2011.
A lengthy hunt for a head coach followed Siddons' exit encountering the names of Vincent Barnes and Stuart Law as possible appointees.  Law, who at the time was the acting head coach of Sri Lanka following Trevor Bayliss' departure, was named Bangladesh's new head coach in June.  Bangladesh toured Zimbabwe in August for a one-off Test and five ODIs.  The Test marked Zimbabwe's return to the longest-format of the game after a self-imposed withdrawal in January 2006 as the sport in the country was in a state of disarray. Bangladesh lost the match by 130 runs.  Though they were expected to with the Test and the ODIs, Bangladesh lost the subsequent one-day series 3–2. In the aftermath of the series, Shakib was sacked as captain, with a BCB representative citing his poor leadership.  Later that month, wicket-keeper Mushfiqur Rahim was named captain, with all-rounder Mahmudullah  as his deputy.  Bangladesh' struggles at international level have been epitomised by the ineffectiveness of their fast bowlers. Between January 2010 and August 2011, they took 37 wickets in 8 Tests at an average of 67.67, the worst out of the nine teams playing regular Test cricket in this period.Though Bangladesh won Rahim's first match in charge, a T20I against the West Indies in October, the team lost the subsequent ODI series 2–1 and the two-match Test series 1–0. Pakistan toured in December, and during the first of three ODIs Bangaldesh were dismissed for their 13th score of less than 100 in the format, overtaking Zimbabwe's record of 12 times. In March Bangladesh hosted in the 2012 Asia Cup featuring India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Bangladesh entered the tournament with just two wins from 29 Asia Cup matches. Victories against India and Sri Lanka saw Bangladesh face Pakistan in the final, only the second time the team had reached the final of a multi-national competition. Though Pakistan won the final by two runs, Bangladesh had exceeded expectations. During the tournament, Tamim Iqbal became the first Bangladeshi player to score four consecutive fifties in ODIs. Shakib Al Hasan was named man of the series after contributing with both the bat and the ball, making 237 runs and taking 6 wickets respectively. The following month Law announced he would be stepping down as coach in June when his contract was due to expire for personal reasons

National teams

The Bangladesh national cricket team is a national cricket team representing Bangladesh. The team is administered by the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB). Bangladesh is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test and One Day International (ODI) status. It played its first Test match in 2000 against India in Dhaka, becoming the tenth Test cricket playing nation.Bangladesh's first official foray into international cricket came in the 1979 ICC Trophy in England, leaving the tournament with 2 wins and 2 defeats.

Bangladesh made debut in international cricket through Asia cup in 1986.
On 31 March 1986, Bangladesh played in its first ODI match against Pakistan in the 1986 Asia Cup. Cricket has gradually become very popular in urban areas of the country. Although football was the most popular game for a long time, cricket gained momentum and soon surpassed football, especially after Bangladesh won the 1997 ICC Trophy in Malaysia. By winning the tournament, Bangladesh qualified for the 1999 Cricket World Cup for the first time, where they defeated Pakistan, creating one of the biggest upsets in their cricketing history. In 1997, Bangladesh became a regular ICC member with the right to play ODIs. It attained the status of a Test playing country on 26 June 2000.
Bangladesh holds the record for most consecutive losses in Tests (21 between 1999 and 2002) and ODIs (23 between 2001 and 2004). After gaining full member status with the ICC, Bangladesh had to wait until 2004 for its first ODI win since the 1999 World Cup. The team on the losing side on that occasion was Zimbabwe, who also participated in Bangladesh's maiden Test victory in 2005; by securing a draw in the second match, Bangladesh won their first Test series. In 2009 Bangladesh toured the West Indies for two Tests and by winning both secured their first overseas series victory.
As of April 2012, Bangladesh has played 73 Tests, winning only 3. Its first victory was against a young and inexperienced Zimbabwe team, which was hit by a player crisis and the other two were against a West Indian team crippled by a players' strike. Of the 63 matches it has lost, 35 were by an innings. The lack of a first-class tournament in the country before it was granted Test status has been cited as one of the reasons for the side's struggle to adapt to the longest form of the game, and Bangladesh's performance has led to repeated calls for it to lose its Test status. The team has been more successful in ODIs, having won 72 of its 262 matches, and has also played 18 Twenty20 Internationals, winning four.

The following is a list of the 15 players awarded central contracts by the Bangladesh Cricket Board and others who have represented Bangladesh since AFC Asia Cup 2012 .

Name Age Batting style Bowling style C/G Domestic team Forms of cricket
Wicket-keeper and captain
Mushfiqur Rahim 24 Right handed A+ Rajshahi Division Test, ODI, T20I
All-rounder and vice-captain
Mahmudullah 26 Right handed Right arm off break A Dhaka Division Test, ODI, T20I
Opening batsmen
Imrul Kayes 25 Left handed A Khulna Division Test, ODI, T20I
Tamim Iqbal 23 Left handed Right arm off break A+ Chittagong Division Test, ODI, T20I
Shahriar Nafees 27 Left handed Slow left arm orthodox Barisal Division Test, ODI
Junaid Siddique 25 Left handed Right arm off break Rajshahi Division ODI
Nazimuddin 27 Right handed Right arm medium Rookie Chittagong Division Test, ODI
Middle order batsmen
Mohammad Ashraful 28 Right handed Right arm leg break/off break Dhaka Metropolis Test, ODI, T20I
Anamul Haque 20 Right handed Khulna Division ODI
Shuvagata Hom 26 Right handed Right arm off break Rookie Dhaka Division ODI
Jahurul Islam 26 Right handed Right arm off break C Rajshahi Division ODI
Shakib Al Hasan 25 Left handed Slow left arm orthodox A+ Khulna Division Test, ODI, T20I
Nasir Hossain 21 Right handed Right arm medium-fast/off break C Rangpur Division Test, ODI, T20I
Naeem Islam 26 Right handed Right arm off break Rangpur Division Test, ODI, T20I
Alok Kapali 29 Right handed Right arm leg break Sylhet Division ODI, T20I
Farhad Reza 26 Right handed Right arm fast-medium Rajshahi Division ODI, T20I
Pace bowlers
Nazmul Hossain 25 Right handed Right arm fast-medium B Sylhet Division Test, ODI
Rubel Hossain 23 Right handed Right arm fast B Chittagong Division Test, ODI, T20I
Shahadat Hossain 26 Right handed Right arm fast Dhaka Division Test, ODI
Shafiul Islam 23 Right handed Right arm fast-mediun B Rajshahi Division ODI, T20I
Abul Hasan 20 Left handed Right arm fast-mediun Sylhet Division Test, ODI, T20I
Mashrafe Mortaza 29 Right handed Right arm fast-medium A+ Khulna Division ODI, T20I
Spin bowlers
Abdur Razzak 30 Left handed Slow left arm orthodox A+ Khulna Division ODI, T20I
Suhrawadi Shuvo 24 Left handed Slow left arm orthodox Rangpur Division Test, ODI
Sohag Gazi 21 Right handed Right arm off break Barisal Division Test, ODI
Elias Sunny 25 Left handed Slow left arm orthodox Rookie Dhaka Metropolis Test, ODI, T20I

Coaching staff

  • Head Coach : Shane Jurgensen (interim)
  • Manager : Zahid Razzak
  • Bowling Coach : Saqlain Mushtaq & Shane Jurgensen
  • Fielding Coach : Jason Swift
  • Strength and Conditioning Coach : Grant Trafford Luden
  • Physiotherapist : Vibhav Singh
  • Psychologists : Dr. Soumendra Saha & Dr. Srilekha Saha
  • Media Manager : Rabeed Imam

Tournament history

World Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
England 1975 Not eligible
England 1979 Did not qualify
England 1983 Did not qualify
IndiaPakistan 1987 Did not qualify
Australia New Zealand 1992 Did not qualify
India Pakistan Sri Lanka 1996 Did not qualify
England 1999 Round 1 9/12 5 2 3 0 0
South AfricaZimbabweKenya 2003 Round 1 13/14 6 0 5 0 1
West Indies Cricket Board 2007 Second Round 7/16 9 3 6 0 0
India Sri Lanka Bangladesh 2011 Round 1 9/14 6 3 3 0 0
Australia New Zealand 2015 Qualified
England 2019 Qualified

26 8 17 0 1
World Twenty20 record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
South Africa 2007 Second Round 8/12 5 1 4 0 0
England 2009 Round 1 9/12 2 0 2 0 0
West Indies Cricket Board 2010 Round 1 9/12 2 0 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 2012 Round 1 9/12 2 0 2 0 0
Bangladesh 2014 Qualified - - - - - -

11 1 10 0 0
Asia Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
United Arab Emirates 1984 Did not qualify
Sri Lanka 1986 First Round 3/3 2 0 2 0 0
Bangladesh 1988 First Round 4/4 3 0 3 0 0
India 1990–91 First Round 3/3 2 0 2 0 0
United Arab Emirates 1995 First Round 4/4 3 0 3 0 0
Sri Lanka 1997 First Round 4/4 3 0 3 0 0
Bangladesh 2000 First Round 4/4 3 0 3 0 0
Sri Lanka 2004 Second Round 4/6 5 1 4 0 0
Pakistan 2008 Second Round 4/6 5 1 4 0 0
Sri Lanka 2010 First Round 4/4 3 0 3 0 0
Bangladesh 2012 Runner Up 2/4 4 2 2 0 0

33 4 29 0 0

Multisport Events
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
Malaysia 1998 Commonwealth Games Round 1 14/16 3 0 3 0 0
China 2010 Asian Games Champions 1/9 3 3 0 0 0
South Korea 2014 Asian Games - - - - - - -

Other Major Tournament
ICC Champions Trophy
  • 1998: Not eligible
  • 2000: 10th Place
  • 2002: 11th Place
  • 2004: 11th Place
  • 2006: 9th Place
  • 2009: Did not qualify
Asian Test Championship
  • 2001/02: First Round
ACC Trophy
  • 1996: Winners
  • 1998: Winners
  • 2000 onwards: Not eligible – Now an ICC full member
Austral-Asia Cup
  • 1986: Did not participate
  • 1990: First Round
  • 1994: Did not participate


 Most runs for Bangladesh
Habibul Bashar
Shakib Al Hasan
Mohammad Ashraful
Mohammad Ashraful
Mohammad Ashraful
Aftab Ahmed
Tamim Iqbal
Tamim Iqbal
Shakib Al Hasan
Javed Omar
Shahriar Nafees
Tamim Iqbal
Shakib Al Hasan
Habibul Bashar
Mushfiqur Rahim
Mushfiqur Rahim
Mashrafe Mortaza
Khaled Mashud
Aftab Ahmed
Mushfiqur Rahim
Rajin Saleh
Khaled Mashud
Junaid Siddique
Shahriar Nafees
Naeem Islam
Mohammad Rafique
Imrul Kayes

 Most wickets for Bangladesh -->

Most wickets for Bangladesh
# Tests ODIs T20Is
Player Matches Wickets Average Player Matches Wickets Average Player Matches Wickets Average
1 Mohammad Rafique 33 100 40.76 Abdur Razzak 133 185 28.12 Abdur Razzak 15 23 16.52
2 Shakib Al Hasan 28 102 35.98 Shakib Al Hasan 126 160 28.85 Shakib Al Hasan 16 21 17.95
3 Mashrafe Mortaza 36 78 41.52 Mashrafe Mortaza 122 156 30.31 Mashrafe Mortaza 13 10 43.50
4 Shahadat Hossain 33 68 49.79 Mohammad Rafique 123 119 38.75 Mohammad Ashraful 16 8 26.25
5 Enamul Haque Jr 14 41 39.24 Khaled Mahmud 77 67 42.76 Shahadat Hossain 5 4 36.00
6 Tapash Baisya 21 36 59.36 Syed Rasel 52 61 33.62 Farhad Reza 8 4 43.75
7 Mohammad Manjural Islam 17 28 57.37 Tapash Baisya 56 59 41.55 Syed Rasel 8 4 50.50
8 Mahmudullah 45 51 35.96 Shafiul Islam 56 59 41.55 Shafiul Islam 5 3 35.00
9 Mohammad Ashraful 57 20 60.40 Rubel Hossain 37 48 32.77 Naeem Islam 9 3 40.66
10 Enamul Haque 10 18 57.05 Shahadat Hossain 50 46 45.04 Rubel Hossain 5 3 47.33

Playing Record
Format M W L T D/NR Inaugural Match
Test Matches 73 3 63 0 7 10 November 2000
One-Day Internationals 258 70 186 0 2 31 March 1986
Twenty20 Internationals 18 4 14 0 0 28 November 2006
vs Test nations
Opponent M W L T D First win
v  India 7 0 6 0 1
v  Zimbabwe 9 1 5 0 3 10 January 2005
v  Pakistan 8 0 8 0 0
v  Sri Lanka 12 0 10 0 2
v  New Zealand 9 0 8 0 1
v  South Africa 8 0 8 0 0
v  West Indies 8 2 4 0 2 13 July 2009
v  Australia 4 0 4 0 0
v  England 8 0 6 0 2
Bangladesh Test match captains
Number Name Year Opposition Location Played Won Lost Drawn
1 Naimur Rahman 2000–01 India Bangladesh 1 0 1 0
2000/1 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2 0 2 0
2001/2 Pakistan Pakistan 1 0 1 0
2001/2 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 1 0 1 0
2001–02 Zimbabwe Bangladesh 2 0 1 1
Total 7 0 6 1
2 Khaled Mashud 2001/2 New Zealand New Zealand 2 0 2 0
2001–02 Pakistan Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2002 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 2 0 2 0
2002/3 South Africa South Africa 2 0 2 0
2002–03 West Indies Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2004–05 New Zealand Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
Total 12 0 12 0
3 Khaled Mahmud 2003 South Africa Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2003 Australia Australia 2 0 2 0
2003 Pakistan Pakistan 3 0 3 0
2003–04 England Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
Total 9 0 9 0
4 Habibul Bashar 2003/4 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2 0 1 1
2004 West Indies West Indies 2 0 1 1
2004–05 India Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2004–05 Zimbabwe Bangladesh 2 1 0 1
2005 England England 2 0 2 0
2005/6 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 2 0 2 0
2005–06 Sri Lanka Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2005–06 Australia Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2007 India Bangladesh 2 0 1 1
Total 18 1 13 4
5 Mohammad Ashraful 2007 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 3 0 3 0
2007/8 New Zealand New Zealand 2 0 2 0
2007/8 South Africa Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2008/9 New Zealand Bangladesh 2 0 1 1
2008/9 South Africa South Africa 1 0 1 0
Total 10 0 9 1
6 Mashrafe Mortaza 2009 West Indies West Indies 1 1 0 0
Total 1 1 0 0
7 Shakib Al Hasan (stand in for two matches against West Indies due to Mortaza's injury) 2009 West Indies West Indies 1 1 0 0
2010 New Zealand New Zealand 1 0 1 0
2010 India Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2010 England Bangladesh 2 0 2 0
2010 England England 2 0 2 0
2011 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1 0 1 0
Total 9 1 8 0
Grand total 69 3 60 6
Bangladeshi ODI captains
Number Name Year Played Won Tied Lost No result
1 Gazi Ashraf 1986-1990 7 0 0 7 0
2 Minhajul Abedin 1990 2 0 0 2 0
3 Akram Khan 1995-1998 15 1 0 14 0
4 Aminul Islam 1998-2000 16 2 0 14 0
5 Naimur Rahman 2000–2001 4 0 0 4 0
6 Khaled Mashud 2001-2006 30 4 0 24 2
7 Khaled Mahmud 2003 15 0 0 15 0
8 Habibul Bashar 2004-2007 69 29 0 40 0
9 Rajin Saleh 2004 2 0 0 2 0
10 Mohammad Ashraful 2007–2009 38 8 0 30 0
11 Shakib Al Hasan 2009–2011 47 22 0 25 0
12 Mushfiqur Rahim 2011–present 3 1 0 2 1

Here is some info about Bangladesh Cricket
1979 Played First Internatinal Match
1999 Played first World cup
2000 Played First test match
2005 Beat Austrlia the number 1 team in England
2007 Beat india and south Africa in World cup 2007
2009 First time won a test series against West Indies

Bangladesh Players

Razzak Abdur Razzak  Abul Hasan Abul Hasan  Aftab 
Ahmed Aftab Ahmed
Kapali Alok Kapali  Anamul 
Haque Anamul Haque  Dhiman 
Ghosh Dhiman Ghosh
Mahmud Dolar Mahmud  Elias 
Sunny Elias Sunny  Enamul 
Haque Enamul Haque
Haque jnr Enamul Haque jnr  Faisal 
Hossain Faisal Hossain  Farhad 
Reza Farhad Reza
Kayes Imrul Kayes  Jahurul 
Islam Jahurul Islam  Junaid 
Siddique Junaid Siddique
Alam Mahbubul Alam  Mahmudullah Mahmudullah  Mashrafe Mortaza Mashrafe Mortaza
Hossain jnr Mehrab Hossain jnr  Mohammad 
Ashraful Mohammad Ashraful  Mominul 
Haque Mominul Haque
Hossain Mosharraf Hossain  Mushfiqur 
Rahim Mushfiqur Rahim  Naeem 
Islam Naeem Islam
Hossain Nasir Hossain  Nazimuddin Nazimuddin  Nazmul Hossain Nazmul Hossain
Sadat Nazmus Sadat  Rajin 
Saleh Rajin Saleh  Raqibul 
Hasan Raqibul Hasan
Islam Robiul Islam  Rubel 
Hossain Rubel Hossain  Sajidul 
Islam Sajidul Islam
Islam Shafiul Islam  Shahadat 
Hossain Shahadat Hossain  Shahriar 
Nafees Shahriar Nafees
  Shakib Al 
Hasan Shakib Al Hasan  Shuvagoto 
Hom Shuvagoto Hom  Sohag Gazi Sohag Gazi
Shuvo Suhrawadi Shuvo  Syed Rasel Syed Rasel  Tamim 
Iqbal Tamim Iqbal
Rahman Ziaur Rahman


The Bangladesh national football team is the national team of Bangladesh controlled by the Bangladesh Football Federation. It is a member of the Asian Football Confederation and has yet to qualify for the World Cup finals. They were dismissed in the first round of their only Asian Cup appearance to date in 1980, and have been South Asian champions once, defeating the Maldives in the final via penalties, as hosts in 2003. As is the case elsewhere on the subcontinent, top-level football in Bangladesh is played somewhere in the shadow of the country's test cricket team.


The 1970s

Following her independence from Pakistan  achieved at the end of 1971, the Bangladesh football team played its first official game on July 26, 1973, a 2-2 draw against Thailand. During the period between July 26 and August 14, 1973, the national team played 13 friendly matches against Asian teams, all hosted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, resulting in 3 draws and 10 defeats. One year later, the national team played 2 more friendlies, this time in Bangkok, and were defeated twice more.The next official matches came in 1978, 2 friendly games against Malaysia and India, also in Bangkok, finished once more as defeats. In January 1979, the qualification tournament for the 1980 AFC Asian Cup began and – surprisingly considering their previous record – Bangladesh opened their campaign with draws against Afghanistan and Qatar. A heavy 4–0 defeat against Qatar followed, but a 4–1 win over the Afghans, the team's first ever victory, saw them qualify for the tournament.In preparation for the Asian Cup, Bangladesh played four more friendly matches, losing three of them (notably a 9–0 thrashing by South Korea) but scoring their second win, 3–1 over Sri Lanka.